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WEIGHT & FERTILITY HOW ARE THEY INTERLINKED?

Everyone knows unhealthy weight attracts various diseases but it also affects fertility and leads to an increase in the risk of infertility. Unhealthy weight affects the menstrual cycle of the women which results to produce a hormone called leptin and this hormone produced the fatty tissues, responsible for the hormonal imbalance which reduces fertility.


The uneven distribution of fat in the body affects the menstrual cycle and creates hurdles in producing the ova in the body. Unhealthy weight  increase the abdominal fat and leads to increases the risk of infertility 


OBESITY & OVERWEIGHT INCREASES THE INSULIN LEVEL


Overweight and obesity increase the abdominal fat which is connected to the insulin resistance and defects in insulin secretion, when the body increases the level of insulin, not only type 2 diabetes occur but it also causes metabolic disturbances and affects fertility.
 Insulin resistance leads to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Higher insulin level decreases the level of sex hormone in the body like sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBGs), it is like a protein for the sex hormones which control the androgen and estrogen sex hormones


FAT CELL PRODUCE UNNECESSARY ESTROGEN


Ovaries and fat cells (adipose tissue) both produce estrogen in the female body. healthy weight women body produces appropriate estrogen whereas overweight women body produces unnecessary estrogen by fat cells, which becomes the hurdle in the way of fertility and can prevent regular ovulation.


BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) AFFECTS THE FERTILITY


Body mass index is the measurement of body weight divided by body height. BMI also affects fertility. Lower BMI (Underweight) and higher BMI (overweight )both types of women face the challenges of infertility. BMI 18.5 and lower than 18.5 can cause irregular periods and cause stop ovulation. 


Studies have shown BMI more than 25, Increase the rate of miscarriage and do not respond to IVF (in vitro fertilization). Underweight and overweight women should consult the doctor before pregnancy and can prevent infertility also by taking proper meals and regular physical exercise.


OBESSITY CAN CAUSE PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS 


Studies are the witness that obese and overweight women have a lower rate of pregnancy and miscarriage and chances of conceiving through cesarean. Obesity also gives birth to gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. However if obese women gave birth to the child, then there is a high risk of overweight and birth defects in the baby.


OVERWIEGHT AFFECTS THE MALE FERTILITY TOO


Yes, it is true, overweight and obesity can affect male fertility. Obesity in males produces various diseases in the body like hormonal problems, sexual dysfunction, and sleep apnoea. 


All these diseases lead to lower testosterone levels and sperm count in the male body. With the increasing BMI level, testosterone decreases, this causes fertility. Obesity also lowers sperm quality and also changes the structure of sperm. 


According to the research, in 35 % of couples, males are the reasons for infertility, male infertility because of low testosterone levels and high rate of ertical dysfunction increases the chances of infertility. 


Overweight and obesity suffering male and female both should consult the doctors before preparing for pregnancy as it may prevent them from pregnancy complications, high and low BMI can be normal by proper recommended meal and physical exercise by doctors